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Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Canadian Market-Age Pigs
Alvin A. Gajadhar, Jeffery J. Aramini, Greg Tiffin and Jean-Robert Bisaillon
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 84, No. 4 (Aug., 1998), pp. 759-763
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3284584
Page Count: 5
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During 1991 and 1992, 2,800 market-age pigs were sampled at federally inspected abattoirs from across Canada. Anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG at titers of ≥1:32 were found in 240 pigs examined by a commercial, latex agglutination test. Seroprevalences ranged from 3.5 to 13.2% in the different regions of the country. Tissue hybridization studies using a previously developed probe demonstrated T. gondii ribosomal RNA in 9 of 36 animals, whereas mouse bioassay testing of heart muscle and diaphragm from all 2,800 pigs failed to demonstrate the presence of infective stages of T. gondii in tissues. Although serology results from this study indicated that Canadian market-age pigs are infected with T. gondii at rates similar to those reported from other parts of North America, mouse bioassay results suggested that Canadian pork products contain low levels of infective organisms. This apparent discrepancy suggests that serological evidence of T. gondii infection in pigs alone does not accurately assess the public health risks associated with consuming improperly cooked pork products.
The Journal of Parasitology © 1998 The American Society of Parasitologists