Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

Cold Stress-Induced Modulation of Cell Immunity during Acute Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Mice

Suman K. Banerjee, Hernan Aviles, Mary T. Fox and Fernando P. Monroy
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 85, No. 3 (Jun., 1999), pp. 442-447
DOI: 10.2307/3285776
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3285776
Page Count: 6
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Cold Stress-Induced Modulation of Cell Immunity during Acute Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Mice
Preview not available

Abstract

Infection with Toxoplasma gondii in the acute phase results in nonspecific suppression of immunologic function in mice and humans. The present study examined the effects of a physical stressor, i.e., cold stress (CS), on macrophage function (nitrite production, parasite survival) and splenic blastogenesis in the acute phase of murine T. gondii infection. In our stress paradigm, female BALB/c mice were placed in cold water (1 ± 0.5 C), 5 min each day for 8 days. Nitrite production and parasite survival were measured in cultured peritoneal macrophages obtained from mice subjected to CS after in vivo activation with interferon-γ/lipopolysaccharide (CS + ACT), and in vitro infection with T. gondii tachyzoites. Peritoneal macrophages from CS + ACT mice showed decreased nitrite production compared to control but activated cells (ACT). Spleen cell proliferation to in vitro stimulation with the mitogens concanavalin A (Con A) and anti-CD3, and Toxoplasma lysate antigen (TLA) was measured in splenocytes obtained from BALB/c mice during the acute phase of infection with T. gondii. Mice subjected to CS and infection (CS + INF) had maximum splenocyte proliferation on days 8 and 15 followed by a subsequent decline on day 28 postinoculation (PI). In contrast, infected mice not subjected to stress (INF) showed decreased splenocyte proliferation on days 8 and 15 followed by an increase on day 28 PI. The rate of mortality was decreased in the CS + INF compared to the INF group during acute infection. These results suggest that CS may alter the pathogenesis of T. gondii infection by modulating acute-phase responses, provoking a state of transient disequilibrium between the host and parasite.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
442
    442
  • Thumbnail: Page 
443
    443
  • Thumbnail: Page 
444
    444
  • Thumbnail: Page 
445
    445
  • Thumbnail: Page 
446
    446
  • Thumbnail: Page 
447
    447