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Class and Conformity in the Canadian Setting

Peter C. Pineo and E. Dianne Looker
The Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie
Vol. 8, No. 3 (Summer, 1983), pp. 293-317
DOI: 10.2307/3340107
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3340107
Page Count: 25
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Class and Conformity in the Canadian Setting
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Abstract

Following the research in the United States of Melvin Kohn and his associates, a sample of fathers and mothers in Hamilton, Ontario, were asked their preferences concerning the development of values of self-direction as opposed to conformity in their adolescent children. The values of the parents are related to their social status in Canada as in the United States. Working conditions play less of a role in the relationship in Canada than in the United States, however. Overall the Canadian parents were found to value self-direction more than the Americans studied by Kohn, but because later American studies resemble the Canadian pattern the difference is most probably owing to social change in parental values. /// Suivant la recherche aux Etats-Unis de Melvin Kohn et ses associés, nous avons demandé à un echantillon des pères et des mères de Hamilton, Ontario, leurs préférences au sujet du développement de l'autonomie ou de la conformité chez leurs enfants adolescents. Une corrélation entre les valeurs et le statut social des parents existe au Canada comme aux Etats-Unis. Les conditions de travail jouent un rôle plus faible au Canada qu'aux Etats-Unis. Généralement, les parents Canadiens valorisent l'autonomie plus que les parents Américains des études de Kohn, mais étant donné que les études Américaines plus récentes ressemblent plus aux résultats canadiens, c'est probable que cette différence relève des changements sociaux des valeurs parentales.

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