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Reorganization of the Auditory Cortex Specialized for Echo-Delay Processing in the Mustached Bat

Zhongju Xiao and Nobuo Suga
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 101, No. 6 (Feb. 10, 2004), pp. 1769-1774
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3371265
Page Count: 6
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Reorganization of the Auditory Cortex Specialized for Echo-Delay Processing in the Mustached Bat
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Abstract

Focal excess sensory stimulation evokes reorganization of a sensory system. It is usually an expansion of the neural representation of that stimulus resulting from the shifts of the tuning curves (receptive fields) of neurons toward those of the stimulated neurons. The auditory cortex of the mustached bat has an area that is highly specialized for the processing of target-distance information carried by echo delays. In this area, however, reorganization is due to shifts of the delay-tuning curves of neurons away from those of the stimulated cortical neurons. Elimination of inhibition in the target-distance processing area in the auditory cortex by a drug reverses the direction of the shifts in neural tuning curves. Therefore, such unique reorganization in the time domain is due to strong lateral inhibition in the highly specialized area of the auditory cortex.

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