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Leber Congenital Amaurosis Linked to AIPL1: A Mouse Model Reveals Destabilization of cGMP Phosphodiesterase
Visvanathan Ramamurthy, Gregory A. Niemi, Thomas A. Reh, James B. Hurley and Jeremy Nathans
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 101, No. 38 (Sep. 21, 2004), pp. 13897-13902
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3373305
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Retina, Photoreceptors, Genetic mutation, Proteins, Antibodies, Messenger RNA, Retinal degeneration, Genes, Genomics, Exons
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Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA4) has been linked to mutations in the photoreceptor-specific gene Aryl hydrocarbon interacting protein like 1 (Aipl1). To investigate the essential role of AIPL1 in retina, we generated a mouse model of LCA by inactivating the Aipl1 gene. In Aipl1-/- retinas, the outer nuclear layer develops normally, but rods and cones then quickly degenerate. Aipl1-/- mice have highly disorganized, short, fragmented photoreceptor outer segments and lack both rod and cone electroretinogram responses. Recent biochemical evidence indicates that AIPL1 can enhance protein farnesylation. Our study reveals that rod cGMP phosphodiesterase, a farnesylated protein, is absent and cGMP levels are elevated in AIPL1-/- retinas before the onset of degeneration. Our findings demonstrate that AIPL1 enhances the stability of phosphodiesterase and is essential for photoreceptor viability.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2004 National Academy of Sciences