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Microvascular Patterning Is Controlled by Fine-Tuning the Akt Signal
Jing Fang Sun, Thuy Phung, Ichiro Shiojima, Terri Felske, J. Nalinee Upalakalin, Dian Feng, Tad Kornaga, Talia Dor, Ann M. Dvorak, Kenneth Walsh, Laura E. Benjamin and Judah Folkman
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 102, No. 1 (Jan. 4, 2005), pp. 128-133
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3374138
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Remodeling, Retina, Blood vessels, Endothelial cells, Apoptosis, Transgenic animals, Optic disk, Oxygen, Microvessels, Capillaries
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We investigated the functions of Akt during vascular development and remodeling by using an inducible endothelial cell-specific driver of the dominant-active myrAkt. We found that sustained signaling in response to overexpression of myrAkt led to embryonic lethality, edema, and vascular malformations. In addition to the morphological malformations, the vascular phenotype was consistent with a failure in remodeling, such that the normal patterning and vessel hierarchy was disturbed. Examination of the well studied retinal vasculature during the remodeling phases revealed that transient expression of myrAkt was capable of altering the normal response to oxygen-induced remodeling without causing vascular malformations. These findings suggest that physiological levels of Akt signaling modulated microvascular remodeling and support the hypothesis that, although Akt may be required for vascular growth and homeostasis, appropriate down-regulation is also an essential aspect of normal vascular patterning.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2005 National Academy of Sciences