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Mammalian Motor Neurons Corelease Glutamate and Acetylcholine at Central Synapses
Hiroshi Nishimaru, Carlos Ernesto Restrepo, Jesper Ryge, Yuchio Yanagawa, Ole Kiehn and Tomas Hökfelt
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 102, No. 14 (Apr. 5, 2005), pp. 5245-5249
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3375210
Page Count: 5
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Motor neurons (MNs) are the principal neurons in the mammalian spinal cord whose activities cause muscles to contract. In addition to their peripheral axons, MNs have central collaterals that contact inhibitory Renshaw cells and other MNs. Since its original discovery >60 years ago, it has been a general notion that acetylcholine is the only transmitter released from MN synapses both peripherally and centrally. Here, we show, using a multidisciplinary approach, that mammalian spinal MNs, in addition to acetylcholine, corelease glutamate to excite Renshaw cells and other MNs but not to excite muscles. Our study demonstrates that glutamate can be released as a functional neurotransmitter from mammalian MNs.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2005 National Academy of Sciences