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Investigation of Antitumor Effects of Synthetic Epothilone Analogs in Human Myeloma Models in vitro and in vivo
Kai-Da Wu, Young Shin Cho, Jonathan Katz, Vladimir Ponomarev, Selina Chen-Kiang, Samuel J. Danishefsky and Malcolm A. S. Moore
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 102, No. 30 (Jul. 26, 2005), pp. 10640-10645
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3376136
Page Count: 6
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26-Trifluoro-(E)-9,10-dehydro-12,13-desoxyepothilone B [Fludelone (Flu)] has shown broad antitumor activity in solid tumor models. In the present study, we showed, in vitro, that Flu significantly inhibited multiple myeloma (MM) cell proliferation (with 1-15 nM IC50), whereas normal human bone marrow stromal cells (HS-27A and HS-5 lines) were relatively resistant (10- to 15-fold higher IC50). Cell-cycle analysis demonstrated that Flu caused G2/ M phase arrest and induced cell apoptosis. After Flu treatment, caspase-3, -8, and -9 were activated, cytochrome c and second mitochondrial-derived activator of caspase were released to the cytosol, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase was activated, indicating that mitochondria were involved in the apoptosis. Flu toxicity to human hematopoietic stem cells was evaluated by CD34+ cell-apoptosis measurements and hematopoietic-progenitor assays. There was no significant toxicity to noncycling human CD34+ cells. We compared the efficacy of Flu with the epothilone analog 12,13-desoxyepothilone B (dEpoB) in xenograft nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient mouse models with subcutaneous or disseminated MM. Flu caused tumor disappearance in RPMI 8226 subcutaneous xenografts after only five doses of the drug (20 mg/kg of body weight), with no sign of relapse after 100 d of observation. In a disseminated CAG MM model, mice treated with Flu had a significantly decreased tumor burden, as determined by bioluminescence imaging, and prolonged overall survival vs. mice treated with dEpoB or vehicle control, indicating that Flu may be a promising agent for MM therapy.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2005 National Academy of Sciences