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Addressing Health Disparities in Middle School Students' Nutrition and Exercise

Marilyn Frenn, Shelly Malin, Naveen Bansal, Mary Delgado, Yvonne Greer, Michael Havice, Mary Ho and Heidi Schweizer
Journal of Community Health Nursing
Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring, 2003), pp. 1-14
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3427835
Page Count: 14
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Addressing Health Disparities in Middle School Students' Nutrition and Exercise
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Abstract

Those with low income, especially women of African American and Hispanic heritage have the greatest risk of inactivity and obesity. A 4-session (Internet and video) intervention with healthy snack and gym labs was tested in 2 (gym lab in 1) urban low-middle-income middle schools to improve low fat diet and moderate and vigorous physical activity. The gym lab was particularly beneficial (p = .002). Fat in diet decreased with each Internet session in which students participated. Percentage of fat in food was reduced significantly p = .018 for Black, White, and Black/Native American girls in the intervention group. Interventions delivered through Internet and video may enable reduction of health disparities in students by encouraging those most at risk to consume 30% or less calories from fat and to engage in moderate and vigorous physical activity.

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