Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

Influence of Surfactant Components and Exposure Geometry on the Effects of Quartz and Asbestos on Alveolar Macrophages

Jutta Schimmelpfeng, Elisabeth Drosselmeyer, Vera Hofheinz and Arnulf Seidel
Environmental Health Perspectives
Vol. 97 (Jul., 1992), pp. 225-231
DOI: 10.2307/3431358
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3431358
Page Count: 7
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Influence of Surfactant Components and Exposure Geometry on the Effects of Quartz and Asbestos on Alveolar Macrophages
Preview not available

Abstract

Bovine (BAM) and rat (RAM) alveolar macrophages were incubated in vitro with DQ12 quartz or UICC chrysotile asbestos either alone or in the presence of dipalmitoyl lecithin (DPL). The reaction of the cells of both species to the untreated dust particles was similar qualitatively and quantitatively, with a loss of viability and release of lactate dehydrogenase and N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase after 20 hr of incubation. In the presence of DPL, the toxicity of quartz to BAM disappeared completely, whereas the protective influence of the phospholipid was distinctly diminished in the case of RAM. The presence of lavage fluid was less effective than that of pure DPL. There was no protective influence of DPL with asbestos either for BAM or for RAM. The effects of phagocytizable, suspended quartz particles were compared with the effects of the same type of particles fixed on a glass surface to exclude the possibility of phagocytosis. The effect of the suspended particles on the viability and release of enzymes was more pronounced than that of the fixed particles. On the other hand, superoxide anion production was stimulated to a much higher degree by the fixed quartz particles. This could be explained by the continuing contact of the outer cell membrane with the silica surfaces, whereas free particles were rapidly phagocytized. The release of lysosomal enzymes induced by fixed quartz particles was a secondary phenomenon following cell death.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[225]
    [225]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
226
    226
  • Thumbnail: Page 
227
    227
  • Thumbnail: Page 
228
    228
  • Thumbnail: Page 
229
    229
  • Thumbnail: Page 
230
    230
  • Thumbnail: Page 
231
    231