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Growth Abnormalities in the Population Exposed in Utero and Early Postnatally to Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Dibenzofurans

Yueliang L. Guo, George H. Lambert and Chen-Chin Hsu
Environmental Health Perspectives
Vol. 103, Supplement 6 (Sep., 1995), pp. 117-122
DOI: 10.2307/3432359
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3432359
Page Count: 6
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Growth Abnormalities in the Population Exposed in Utero and Early Postnatally to Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Dibenzofurans
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Abstract

This article reviews the findings in children exposed to various levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and related compounds in utero and early postnatally. Yu-Cheng ("oil-disease") mothers were Taiwanese women exposed to PCBs and their heat-degradation products from the ingestion of contaminated rice oil in 1979. Children of these mothers were born growth retarded, with dysmorphic physical findings, and delayed cognitive development compared with unexposed children. In this article, findings in Yu-Cheng children born between 1978 and 1985 are summarized and compared with two other well-documented cohorts of children prenatally exposed to different levels of PCBs. Results of the investigation in Yu-Cheng children will provide important information about the toxicities, health effects, and mechanisms of PCB/PCDF exposure and demonstrate that the developing human is more sensitive than the adult to the toxic effects of these chemicals.

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