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Functional Inhibition of Endogenously Produced Urokinase Decreases Cell Proliferation in a Human Melanoma Cell Line
Johannes C. Kirchheimer, Johann Wojta, Günter Christ and Bernd R. Binder
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 86, No. 14 (Jul. 15, 1989), pp. 5424-5428
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/34493
Page Count: 5
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Binding of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) to its receptor has been shown not only to focus proteolytic activity to the cell surface but also to exert a mitogenic effect on the human epidermal tumor cell line CCL 20.2. This report shows that u-PA is an autocrine mitogen in the human melanoma cell line GUBSB and that inhibition of receptor-bound u-PA by specific anti-u-PA antibodies causes a significant suppression of cell proliferation in this system. The GUBSB cell line secretes 70-80% of the u-PA in its active form and expresses high-affinity u-PA receptors with a Kd of 5.2 × 10-10 M and 2.8 × 104 binding sites per cell. Approximately 70% of the u-PA receptors on these cells are occupied by endogenously secreted u-PA. Addition of the monoclonal anti-u-PA antibody MPW5UK (10 nM), directed against the active site of u-PA, twice daily to the cell cultures resulted in a significant decrease of [3H]thymidine incorporation by the tumor cells, whereas a 10 times higher concentration of the monoclonal antibody MPW4UK, which does not inhibit plasminogen activator activity of u-PA, was necessary to achieve the same effect. In addition, diisopropyl fluorophosphate-inactivated u-PA, in a concentration 50-fold higher than the concentration necessary to saturate the u-PA receptor (250 pM), decreased [3H]thymidine incorporation similarly to the specific antibody, proving that active u-PA is required for the mitogenic effect. Inhibition of endogenous u-PA production by cycloheximide reduced [3H]thymidine incorporation significantly; after addition of exogenous u-PA, [3H]thymidine incorporation increased again in the cycloheximide-treated cells. Therefore, inhibition of receptor-bound u-PA might represent a tool not only to inactivate cell-bound proteolytic activity, necessary for invasion, but also to exert a specific antiproliferative effect on certain tumor cells.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1989 National Academy of Sciences