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Gastos militares en Chile, perú y la Argentina

Thomas Scheetz
Desarrollo Económico
Vol. 25, No. 99 (Oct. - Dec., 1985), pp. 315-327
DOI: 10.2307/3467018
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3467018
Page Count: 13
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Gastos militares en Chile, perú y la Argentina
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Abstract

Partiendo de un cuestionamiento de las fuentes internacionales, se examinan los gastos militares chilenos. Se estudia el nivel de estos gastos en relación a los gastos totales del sector público y al Producto Geográfico Bruto. Se desglosan los gastos adicionales de importaciones bélicas y los de personal. A la vez estos gastos chilenos se comparan con los del Perú y la Argentina, sus rivales militares hipotéticos. Para los tres casos se llega a la conclusión de que los gobiernos militares tienden a aumentar su participación en el presupuesto con efectos nocivos sociales, políticos y en materia de estabilización financiera. /// After questioning the data provided by international sources, the article examines Chilean military expenditures. The level of these expenditures is studied in relation to public sector expenditures as a whole and the Gross Domestic Product. Arms imports and personnel expenditures are disaggregated. The Chilean figures are also compared with those of Peru and Argentina, Chile's hipothetical military rivals. For all three countries the conclusion is drawn that military governments tend to augment their share of the budget with harmful social and political effects, and which also compromises financial stabilization.

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