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Unresolved Issues in the Law of Double Jeopardy: Waller and Ashe

Walter V. Schaefer
California Law Review
Vol. 58, No. 2 (Mar., 1970), pp. 391-404
DOI: 10.2307/3479664
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3479664
Page Count: 14
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Unresolved Issues in the Law of Double Jeopardy: Waller and Ashe
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Abstract

In two recent decisions the Supreme Court held that the double jeopardy clause protects defendants from successive prosecutions by states and municipalities for offenses based on the same criminal conduct (Waller v. Florida) and that the doctrine of collateral estoppel is incorporated in the double jeopardy clause and prevents a state in a criminal case from relitigating a question already decided in favor of a defendant at a previous trial (Ashe v. Swenson). Noting that collateral estoppel is a part of the doctrine of res judicata, Justice Schaefer discusses whether the Court will also incorporate into the double jeopardy clause the compulsory joinder aspect of res judicata, thereby forcing the state to raise all its claims against a defendant at a single trial or forego the possibility of prosecution. He then considers whether Waller may presage a reconsideration by the Court of the "dual sovereignty" doctrine in successive state and federal prosecutions.

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