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Crime and Punishment in Canada, 1981-1999

Brandon C. Welsh and Mark H. Irving
Crime and Justice
Vol. 33, Crime and Punishment in Western Countries, 1980-1999 (2005), pp. 247-294
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3488337
Page Count: 48
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Crime and Punishment in Canada, 1981-1999
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Abstract

The average Canadian enjoys a high standard of living bolstered by a social safety network that includes universal health care coverage, generous benefits for unemployed workers and families in need, and year-long maternity leave. While crime ranks among the public's top concerns nationally, Canada is viewed as a safe and peaceful country in which to live and visit. But how safe is Canada? Police records indicate that Canada experienced a substantial fall in rates of serious crimes in the 1990s. Reasons include an aging population and an improved economy. There is mixed evidence on whether the Canadian criminal justice system's response to serious crime influenced crime trends during the 1990s. There is a need for increased public investment in many facets of basic research on crime and punishment in Canada. Such an investment may go some way to bring about more informed and efficacious crime policy.

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