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Personality and Perception in Husband-Wife Conflicts

Frank D. Bean and Alan C. Kerckhoff
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 33, No. 2, Decade Review. Part 3 (May, 1971), pp. 351-359
DOI: 10.2307/349421
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/349421
Page Count: 9
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Personality and Perception in Husband-Wife Conflicts
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Abstract

The non-zero-sum noncooperative Prisoner's Dilemma game was used to study marital conflict. Sixty husbands and wives played the game thinking they were playing their spouse when actually they were playing a non-systematic response protocol supplied by the experimenter. The results indicated: (1) personality characteristics were more predictive of conflict behavior for wives while person perception characteristics were more predictive for husbands, (2) such variables were predictive early in the game for wives and only late in the game for husbands, and (3) both sexes tended to exhibit conflict behavior to the extent that they either saw themselves as different from the opposite sex or saw their spouse as different from their own sex.

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