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Essential Components of Peace Education

David W. Johnson and Roger T. Johnson
Theory Into Practice
Vol. 44, No. 4, Peace Education (Autumn, 2005), pp. 280-292
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3496972
Page Count: 13
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Essential Components of Peace Education
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Abstract

Peace education is a key for establishing a consensual peace and maintaining it over time. There are 5 essential elements in building a lasting peace through education. First, a public education system must be established that has compulsory attendance for all children and youth, integrated so students from previously conflicting groups interact with one another and have the opportunity to build positive relationships with each other. Second, a sense of mutuality and common fate needs to be established that highlights mutual goals, the just distribution of benefits from achieving the goals, and a common identity. In schools, this is primarily done through the use of cooperative learning. Third, students must be taught the constructive controversy procedure to ensure they know how to make difficult decisions and engage in political discourse. Fourth, students must be taught how to engage in integrative negotiations and peer mediation to resolve their conflicts with each other constructively. Finally, civic values must be inculcated that focus students on the long-term common good of society.

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