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The Dynamic Order of Norms, Empowerment and Related Concepts

Ulises Schmill
Law and Philosophy
Vol. 19, No. 2, Kelsen, Authority and Competence (Mar., 2000), pp. 283-310
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3505169
Page Count: 28
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The Dynamic Order of Norms, Empowerment and Related Concepts
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Abstract

'Authority', 'competence' and other related concepts are determined on the basis of the concept of law as a dynamic order of norms. The norms which regulate the processes of norm creation establish empowerments (Ermächtigungen). The material domain of validity of the empowering norm is called 'competence'. The concept of 'person' in relation to empowering norms yields the concepts of 'organ' and 'authority'. The spatial domain of the validity of these norms is the spatial or territorial jurisdiction. This paper analyses the basic norm and its legal functions; it considers the irregularity of legal acts and norms, as well as the legal consequences thereof, namely nullity and annulment. Additionally, the Kelsenian 'Tacit Alternative Clause' is criticized and a possible solution to the problem of irregular norms is offered through new definitions of the existence, validity and legitimacy of norms.

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