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Female Work, Fertility, and Contraceptive Use in a Biracial Sample

Fred W. Reed and J. Richard Udry
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 35, No. 4 (Nov., 1973), pp. 597-602
DOI: 10.2307/350870
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/350870
Page Count: 6
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Female Work, Fertility, and Contraceptive Use in a Biracial Sample
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Abstract

The relationship between female work force participation and fertility has been well documented for United States whites and samples from other countries. It has been asserted that the fertility differential between working and nonworking females is a result of the more frequent use of contraceptives by the working females. This paper has two purposes. First, the relationship between work and fertility is investigated for both white and black females. Second, the relationship between female work and fertility is found to be strong and essentially the same for blacks as for whites. The only relationship found between female work and contraceptive use was among women of zero parity. This finding was weak, however, and required tenuous assumptions.

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