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A Theory and Investigation of the Effect of Exchange-Orientation on Marriage and Friendship

Bernard I. Murstein, Mary Cerreto and Marcia G. Mac Donald
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 39, No. 3 (Aug., 1977), pp. 543-548
DOI: 10.2307/350908
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/350908
Page Count: 6
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A Theory and Investigation of the Effect of Exchange-Orientation on Marriage and Friendship
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Abstract

A theory of the importance and effect of an exchange-orientation for marriage and friendship was developed. It was hypothesized from this theory that an exchange-orientation in both members of the pair would be inimical to marriage adjustment and facilitative of situationally determined friendships. An exchange-orientation scale was constructed and administered to married couples and same-sex friendship couples at college, along with a marriage adjustment scale to the former and a friendship-intensity scale to the latter. The data generally supported the hypotheses.

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