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Earliest Conifers of North America: Upland and/or Paleoclimatic Indicators?

Paul C. Lyons and William C. Darrah
PALAIOS
Vol. 4, No. 5 (Oct., 1989), pp. 480-486
DOI: 10.2307/3514592
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3514592
Page Count: 7
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Earliest Conifers of North America: Upland and/or Paleoclimatic Indicators?
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Abstract

The oldest conifer compressions and permineralized remains from North America, which are assignable to Walchia Sternberg, are found in strata of Westphalian C and D ages in the central Colorado trough of Colorado, the Nemaha highlands of Oklahoma, and the central Appalachian basin. These early conifer occurrences are consistent with dry conditions in Colorado and less dry or wet-dry, better drained, more oxidizing upland conditions in the central Appalachian basin, possibly technically controlled, which may have been a prelude to a widespread climatic change in Stephanian or Permian time in North America.

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