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CHIP. Coping Health Inventory for Parents: An Assessment of Parental Coping Patterns in the Care of the Chronically Ill Child

Hamilton I. McCubbin, Marilyn A. McCubbin, Joan M. Patterson, A. Elizabeth Cauble, Lance R. Wilson and Warren Warwick
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 45, No. 2 (May, 1983), pp. 359-370
DOI: 10.2307/351514
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/351514
Page Count: 12
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CHIP. Coping Health Inventory for Parents: An Assessment of Parental Coping Patterns in the Care of the Chronically Ill Child
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Abstract

Are there coping patterns parents use to manage family life and health successfully when a child member has a chronic illness? In the present study, data were collected on 100 families who have a child with cystic fibrosis. By factor analyzing scaled responses to behavior items on the Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP), three parental coping patterns emerged: (a) maintaining family integration, cooperation, and an optimistic definition of the situation; (b) maintaining social support, self-esteem, and psychological stability; and (c) understanding the medical situation through communication with other parents and consultation with the medical staff. These patterns were validated against criterion measures of improvements in the child's health and adaptive family-life dimensions of cohesiveness, expressiveness, conflict reduction, organization, and control. The findings have implications for present strategies of health-care delivery and for health-care professionals seeking to facilitate family adaptation to the stresses of chronic illness.

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