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The Dyadic Trust Scale: Toward Understanding Interpersonal Trust in Close Relationships

Robert E. Larzelere and Ted L. Huston
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 42, No. 3 (Aug., 1980), pp. 595-604
DOI: 10.2307/351903
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/351903
Page Count: 10
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The Dyadic Trust Scale: Toward Understanding Interpersonal Trust in Close Relationships
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Abstract

Interpersonal trust is an aspect of close relationships which has been virtually ignored in social scientific research despite its importance as perceived by intimate partners and several family theorists. This article describes the development, validation, and correlates of the Dyadic Trust Scale, a tool designed for such research. It is unidimensional, reliable, relatively free from response biases, and purposely designed to be consistent with conceptualizations of trust from various perspectives. Dyadic trust proved to be associated with love and with intimacy of self-disclosure, especially for longer married partners. It varied by level of commitment, being lowest for ex-partners and highest for those engaged and living together, for newlyweds, and for those married over 20 years. Partners reciprocated trust more than either love or depth of self-disclosure. Future research could fruitfully relate dyadic trust to such issues as personal growth in relationships, resolving interpersonal conflict, and developing close relationships subsequent to separation or divorce.

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