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Journal Article

The Classification of Behavioral Observation Codes in Studies of Family Interaction

Theodore Jacob and Gloria Krahn
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 49, No. 3 (Aug., 1987), pp. 677-687
DOI: 10.2307/352213
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/352213
Page Count: 11
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The Classification of Behavioral Observation Codes in Studies of Family Interaction
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Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to examine groupings of family observation codes that are identified through the application of multivariate analysis procedures to interaction data. The data set involves laboratory interactions from 96 marital dyads, including couples in which the husband was an alcoholic, a depressive, or a normal control. All interactions were coded with the Marital Interaction Coding System (MICS) and subsequently subjected to three types of analysis—multidimensional scaling (MDS), principle components analysis (PCA), and transitional probability analyses (TPA). Resulting solutions indicated several clusters that were common across methods (e.g., Negative Evaluation and Problem Solving) as well as noteworthy differences as a function of the analytic procedure employed (e.g., a clear grouping of Positive Evaluation emerged only with the MDS procedure). The classification of observation codes and the selection of particular groupings are discussed in regard to several theoretical and methodological considerations.

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