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Wives' Employment and Husbands' Distress: A Meta-Analysis and a Replication

Michael Fendrich
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 46, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 871-879
DOI: 10.2307/352535
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/352535
Page Count: 9
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Wives' Employment and Husbands' Distress: A Meta-Analysis and a Replication
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Abstract

Previous studies exploring the relationship between wives' employment and husbands' psychological well-being have yielded inconsistent results. Using meta-analysis techniques (Glass, 1977; Rosenthal, 1978), this study combines the results of five earlier studies in order to draw conclusions about their overall findings. Although the combined effect-size estimates yielded a positive coefficient, the nonsignificance of this coefficient indicates that there is no direct relationship between wives' employment and husbands' well-being. These findings are replicated in the analysis of national survey data. This replication, however, suggests that the negative psychological consequences of wives' employment may be mediated by other variables like family income and percentage of income contributed by the husband.

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