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Cohort Replacement and Changes in Parental Socialization Values

Duane F. Alwin
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 52, No. 2 (May, 1990), pp. 347-360
DOI: 10.2307/353031
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353031
Page Count: 14
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Cohort Replacement and Changes in Parental Socialization Values
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Abstract

This study investigates the cohort replacement explanation of secular changes in parental socialization values. Data are presented from three sample surveys of the Detroit metropolitan area, obtained in 1958, 1971, and 1983, which reveal a significant change in parental values in the direction of greater preference for autonomy in children and less preference for obedience. The cohort replacement model is found to be partially useful in explaining this trend, as cohorts born since 1930 have significantly greater preferences for autonomy and less preference for obedience than those born earlier. However, some of these inter-cohort patterns are spuriously due to differences between cohorts in the amount of schooling, and the cohort differences are primarily observed among persons of Catholic origins. The utility of the cohort replacement model for understanding social change is discussed in light of these results.

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