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Adoption and Black Teenagers: The Viability of a Pregnancy Resolution Strategy

Debra Kalmuss
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 54, No. 3 (Aug., 1992), pp. 485-495
DOI: 10.2307/353235
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353235
Page Count: 11
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Adoption and Black Teenagers: The Viability of a Pregnancy Resolution Strategy
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Abstract

While adoption is a potentially important alternative to child-rearing for young pregnant women, it has been ignored in research on teenage pregnancy resolution, particularly for black adolescents. This paper addresses the issue of whether adoption is a viable pregnancy resolution strategy for black teenagers. The traditional response is that adoption is not viable because of the low levels of demand for the formal adoption of infants in the black community, and the low supply of pregnant black adolescents who choose adoption. We identify and challenge the assumptions upon which this conclusion is based. Data from Cycle IV of the National Survey of Family Growth are used to evaluate these assumptions. We show that existing data do not provide a sound basis for conclusions about whether adoption can ultimately serve as an alternative to early child-rearing for larger numbers of black adolescents than is currently the case.

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