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Parental and Nonparental Child Care and Children's Socioemotional Development: A Decade in Review

Jay Belsky
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 52, No. 4, Family Research in the 1980s: The Decade in Review (Nov., 1990), pp. 885-903
DOI: 10.2307/353308
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353308
Page Count: 19
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Parental and Nonparental Child Care and Children's Socioemotional Development: A Decade in Review
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Abstract

Three aspects of the burgeoning literature on parental and nonparental child care pertaining to socioemotional development during the infancy, preschool, and school-age years are reviewed. The first section deals with the determinants of parenting and considers factors and processes that influence parental behavior and parent-child interaction—specifically, child characteristics, parent characteristics, marital relations, and social support. Second, correlational research linking parent-child interaction and child development is examined, with the focus first upon emotional support, parental responsiveness, and attachment security during the first years of life, then upon the cooperation and compliance during the toddler and preschool years, and finally upon the interrelation of relationships, especially linkages between parent-child and peer relationships. Finally, six waves of research on the effects of nonparental child care are outlined, along with directions for future research. A concluding section highlights points of convergence across these three areas of inquiry.

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