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Effects of Occupational Status Differences between Spouses on the Wife's Labor Force Participation and Occupational Achievement: Findings from 12 European Countries

Jeroen Smits, Wout Ultee and Jan Lammers
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 58, No. 1 (Feb., 1996), pp. 101-115
DOI: 10.2307/353380
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353380
Page Count: 15
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Effects of Occupational Status Differences between Spouses on the Wife's Labor Force Participation and Occupational Achievement: Findings from 12 European Countries
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Abstract

Effects of occupational status differences between spouses on the wife's employment and on her occupational achievement are studied for the countries of the European Union. The results show a tendency towards similarity in occupational status within marriages. Labor force participation of a wife is highest when her potential occupational status equals her husband's occupational status. Furthermore, the husband's occupation produces both a ceiling effect and a facilitating effect on the wife's occupational achievement. The strength of these effects differs somewhat between the countries. For a wife's participation in the labor force, these differences are related to the country's dominant religion.

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