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An Examination of Parent-Child Shared Time
W. Keith Bryant and Cathleen D. Zick
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 58, No. 1 (Feb., 1996), pp. 227-237
Published by: National Council on Family Relations
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353391
Page Count: 11
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Data from time diaries kept by parents in two-parent, two-child families in four states in 1977 and 1978 were used to examine time shared by parents and children, as well as parent solitary times, in a number of household activities. The analysis focuses on how the mother's employment time affects shared parent-child time and whether the time was sex-typed. In addition, a weak test for whether parent-child shared time stimulates children's human capital development was devised and the hypothesis confirmed. Mothers who spent more time in market work shared less traditionally defined child-care time, but only with the older child. In contrast, as a mother's time in market work increased, parent-child shared housework and shared leisure time increased. Household activities shared by the parent and the child were sex-typed. Mothers tended to share more time with daughters in meal preparation and family-care activities, and fathers tended to share more time with their sons in activities involving the home, yard, car, and pet maintenance and in shopping activities.
Journal of Marriage and Family © 1996 National Council on Family Relations