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Unpacking Authoritative Parenting: Reassessing a Multidimensional Construct

Marjory Roberts Gray and Laurence Steinberg
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 61, No. 3 (Aug., 1999), pp. 574-587
DOI: 10.2307/353561
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353561
Page Count: 14
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Unpacking Authoritative Parenting: Reassessing a Multidimensional Construct
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Abstract

This study examines the independent and joint contributions of three core dimensions of authoritative parenting—acceptance-involvement, strictness-supervision, and psychological autonomy granting—to adolescent adjustment. A sample of 8,700 14- to 18-year-olds completed questionnaires that included indices of authoritative parenting and a set of instruments assessing different aspects of adjustment. Behavior problems were related more strongly to behavioral control than to psychological autonomy granting. Psychosocial development and internal distress were more strongly associated with both psychological autonomy granting and acceptance-involvement than with behavioral control. Academic competence demonstrated significant relations with all three parenting variables. Curvilinear and interactive relations between parenting practices and adolescent adjustment were observed, but the specific pattern varied as a function of outcome assessed.

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