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The Intersection of Time in Activities and Perceived Unfairness in Relation to Psychological Distress and Marital Quality

Patricia Voydanoff and Brenda W. Donnelly
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 61, No. 3 (Aug., 1999), pp. 739-751
DOI: 10.2307/353574
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353574
Page Count: 13
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The Intersection of Time in Activities and Perceived Unfairness in Relation to Psychological Distress and Marital Quality
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Abstract

This article investigates the perceived unfairness of paid work, household chores, and child care to self and spouse and its relation to psychological distress and marital quality. We consider the effects of perceived unfairness on relations between time in role activities and distress and between time in activities and marital quality. The sample consists of mothers and fathers of children aged 10-17 years interviewed for the 1992-1994 National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH). The findings indicate that perceived unfairness to self is positively related to psychological distress for mothers and negatively related to marital quality for mothers and fathers. However, perceived unfairness does not mediate relationships between time in activities and psychological distress and marital quality. Mothers' perceived unfairness of household chores to self exacerbates relationships between hours in household chores and psychological distress and marital disagreements, especially for mothers who are remarried or who hold an egalitarian gender ideology.

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