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Predicting Marital Instability from Spouse and Observer Reports of Marital Interaction
Lisa S. Matthews, K. A. S. Wickrama and Rand D. Conger
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 58, No. 3 (Aug., 1996), pp. 641-655
Published by: National Council on Family Relations
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353725
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Hostility, Marital instability, Spouses, Divorce, Marriage, Observational research, Divorced status, Wives, Discriminants, Dyadics
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This prospective study examines the relationship between the quality of marital interaction, both as perceived by spouses and as reported by outside observers, and marital instability and divorce in a sample of 436 long-time married couples from the rural Midwest. Discriminant function analysis showed that spousal hostility, net of warmth, predicted with 80% accuracy which couples would divorce or not divorce within a year and with 88% accuracy which couples would be in the two most extreme marital groups (most stable and least stable). In a structural equation model with latent constucts, we found that observer reports of behavioral interactions are related to marital instability both directly and indirectly through partners' perceptions of one another's behaviors.
Journal of Marriage and Family © 1996 National Council on Family Relations