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Punishment Enhances Reasoning's Effectiveness as a Disciplinary Response to Toddlers

Robert E. Larzelere, Paul R. Sather, William N. Schneider, David B. Larson and Patricia L. Pike
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 60, No. 2 (May, 1998), pp. 388-403
DOI: 10.2307/353856
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353856
Page Count: 16
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Punishment Enhances Reasoning's Effectiveness as a Disciplinary Response to Toddlers
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Abstract

Three different kinds of analyses investigated the effect of disciplinary reasoning on subsequent misbehavior with 2- and 3-year-olds. The effectiveness of reasoning by itself depended on how often reasoning had been combined with punishment on other occasions. In the longitudinal analyses the largest increase in disruptive behaviors by age 4 occurred when parents used reasoning frequently without ever backing it up with punishment. The largest decrease in disruptive behavior occurred when parents used reasoning frequently but backed it up with punishment when necessary.

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