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Broad and Narrow Socialization: The Family in the Context of a Cultural Theory

Jeffrey Jensen Arnett
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 57, No. 3 (Aug., 1995), pp. 617-628
DOI: 10.2307/353917
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353917
Page Count: 12
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Broad and Narrow Socialization: The Family in the Context of a Cultural Theory
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Abstract

The theory of broad and narrow socialization is described, with a particular emphasis on placing family socialization in its cultural context. In cultures characterized by broad socialization, socialization is intended to promote independence, individualism, and self-expression. In contrast, cultures with narrow socialization hold obedience and conformity as their highest values. Seven sources of socialization are described, including family, peers, school/work, community, the media, the legal system, and the cultural belief system. Other considerations are discussed, including variation within cultures (such as gender differences) and the place of attachments. In addition, two examples of applications of the theory are provided.

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