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Gender, Status, and Domestic Violence: An Integration of Feminist and Family Violence Approaches

Kristin L. Anderson
Journal of Marriage and Family
Vol. 59, No. 3 (Aug., 1997), pp. 655-669
DOI: 10.2307/353952
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353952
Page Count: 15
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Gender, Status, and Domestic Violence: An Integration of Feminist and Family Violence Approaches
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Abstract

Family violence researchers suggest that sociodemographic indicators of structural inequality influence propensities for domestic assaults. Feminist scholars argue that domestic violence is rooted in gender and power and represents men's active attempts to maintain dominance and control over women. This article integrates both approaches by proposing that elements of structural inequality influence violent behavior differently for women and men. Using self- and partner-reported data from Wave 1 of the National Survey of Families and Households, this study examines the relationships among sociodemographic characteristics, gender, status (in)compatibility, and domestic assaults. Results indicate that incompatibilities in income and educational status are differentially associated with domestic violence perpetrated by women and men. Discrepancies between self- and partner-reported violence are examined to determine correlates of reporting differences. The findings suggest that future research would benefit from an integration of family violence and feminist approaches.

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