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El desalojo de los vendedores ambulantes: paralelismos históricos en la ciudad de México

John C. Cross and Marcela Pineda Camacho
Revista Mexicana de Sociología
Vol. 58, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1996), pp. 95-115
DOI: 10.2307/3540970
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3540970
Page Count: 21
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
El desalojo de los vendedores ambulantes: paralelismos históricos en la ciudad de México
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Abstract

Aproximadamente 10 000 vendedores ambulantes de las calles del centro histórico de la ciudad de México acaban de ser reubicados a mercados recién construidos. Esta operación se compara con el ingente programa de construcción de mercados que llevó a cabo Ernesto P. Uruchurtu durante su administración como regente de la ciudad desde 1952 hasta 1966. Este artículo investiga dicho paralelismo al analizar detalladamente las políticas y prácticas de Uruchurtu hacia los vendedores ambulantes. Se argumenta que tales políticas tuvieron el efecto de politizar el ambulantaje al obligar a los vendedores a organizarse dentro del PRI y al establecer una serie de prácticas que garantizaban básicamente los derechos que dichos comerciantes organizados tenían de pasar a los mercados. /// The recent relocation of about 10 000 ambulatory vendors from the streets of Mexico City's Historical Center into newly constructed markets, has been compared to the massive market construction program carried out by Ernesto P. Uruchurtu during his regency from 1952 to 1966. This article investigates this parallel by looking closely at the policies and practices of Uruchurtu with reference to street vendors. It is argued that these policies had the effect of politicizing street vending by forcing vendors to organize within the PRI and established a series of practices that essentially guaranteed the rights of such organized vendors to markets.

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