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Journal Article

El fenómeno Fujimori y la crisis de los partidos

Francisco Durand
Revista Mexicana de Sociología
Vol. 58, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1996), pp. 97-120
DOI: 10.2307/3541026
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3541026
Page Count: 24
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
El fenómeno Fujimori y la crisis de los partidos
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Abstract

El presente trabajo analiza el fenómeno Fujimori como un caso de gobernabilidad carismática más que de autoritarismo convencional. Demuestra cómo, en un contexto de crisis generalizada y de deterioro del sistema de partidos, los volantes y la opinión publica van alejándose de los partidos tradicionales e identificándose con candidatos y líderes independienes. Alberto Fujimori surge en 1990 como alternativa política porque el deterioro de los partidos y su habilidad carismática con los pobres le abre un espacio que gana progresivamente. Luego se consolida ante la clase media y alta al presentarse como alternativa de gobernabilidad, al dar el golpe presidencial de 1992. Estas tendencias se confirman en las elecciones de 1995. La identificación con Fujimori y los independientes, aunque muestra diferencias según clase social, tiende a generalizarse en el quiquenio 1990-1995. /// Analysis of the Fujimori phenomenon as a case of charismatic governability rather than conventional authoritarianism. The article shows how, in a context of generalized crisis and deterioration of the party system, voters and public opinion moved away from traditional parties and began to identify with independent candidates and leaders. Fujimori emerged in 1990 as a political alternative because the deterioration of the parties and his charismatic ability among the poor opened up a space for him which he progressively gained. He subsequently gained ground among the middle and upper classes by presenting himself as an alternative for government through the 1992 presidential coup. These trends were confirmed in the 1995 elections. Fujimori has become increasingly identified with the independents, despite differences by social class, during the period 1995-1996.

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