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El Salvador: trayectoria de la reforma agraria, 1980-1998

Margarita Flores
Revista Mexicana de Sociología
Vol. 60, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1998), pp. 125-151
DOI: 10.2307/3541334
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3541334
Page Count: 27
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El Salvador: trayectoria de la reforma agraria, 1980-1998
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Abstract

El artículo aborda el tema agrario, motivo de agudos conflictos sociales en El Salvador, y pasa revista a las causas que dieron origen a la reforma agraria de la década de los ochenta. Examina los mecanismos que propiciaron la concentración de la propiedad y el proceso de exclusión de comunidades campesinas del acceso a la tierra, para llegar a los intentos aislados de solución parcial que ofrecieron los gobiernos militares después de la violenta represión del levantamiento campesino de los años treinta. Al analizar el alcance, las limitaciones y el contexto político en que se promovió y aplicó la reforma agraria, se dan elementos sobre la persistencia del conflicto armado a lo largo de la década de los ochenta, el contenido de la agenda agraria que retoman los Acuerdos de Paz de 1992 y la forma que adoptó su solución, así como los retos que enfrentan las unidades productivas que se han creado. /// The article explores the agrarian question, the reason behind the acute social conflicts in El Salvador, and analyzes the causes that led to the agrarian reform of the 1980s. It examines the mechanisms that contributed to the concentration of property, and the exclusion of peasant communities from access to the land, before exploring the military governments' isolated attempts at providing partial solutions following the violent repression of the peasant uprising in the 1930s. The author's analysis of the scope, limitations and political context in which agrarian reform was promoted and implemented sheds light on the persistence of the armed conflict throughout the 1980s, the content of the agrarian agenda taken up by the 1992 Peace Agreements, and the nature of its solution, together with the challenges faced by the productive units that have been established.

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