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Functional Responses and Heterogeneities: An Experimental Test with Cladocerans

Roger Arditi, Nicolas Perrin and Henni Saïah
Oikos
Vol. 60, No. 1 (Feb., 1991), pp. 69-75
Published by: Wiley on behalf of Nordic Society Oikos
DOI: 10.2307/3544994
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3544994
Page Count: 7
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Functional Responses and Heterogeneities: An Experimental Test with Cladocerans
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Abstract

The functional response of predators is usually modelled as a function of absolute prey density. Arditi and Ginzburg have suggested that it should often depend instead on the prey available per capita of predators, i.e. on the prey/predator ratio. Theory suggests that these two forms of dependence are related to the degree of spatial and temporal heterogeneity. Experiments using four filter-feeding cladoceran species were designed to test this hypothesis and to investigate the relation between individual behaviour and population dynamics. The patterns of population abundance that the cladocerans reached at equilibrium match the expectation that species with homogeneous spatial behaviour follow prey-dependent dynamics while those with heterogeneous behaviour follow ratio-dependent dynamics.

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