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What Is the Allee Effect?

P. A. Stephens, W. J. Sutherland and R. P. Freckleton
Oikos
Vol. 87, No. 1 (Oct., 1999), pp. 185-190
Published by: Wiley on behalf of Nordic Society Oikos
DOI: 10.2307/3547011
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3547011
Page Count: 6
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What Is the Allee Effect?
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Abstract

W. C. Allee brought attention to the possibility of a positive relationship between aspects of fitness and population size over fifty years ago. This phenomenon, frequently termed the Allee effect, has been the focus of increased interest over the past two decades in the light of concerns over conservation and the problems of rarity. Use of the term suffers from the absence of a clear definition however, with the result that Allee effects are frequently thought to involve only a narrow range of phenomena and are often overlooked altogether. We propose a definition for the effect and attempt to resolve the major issues underlying the confusion surrounding this term.

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