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Influence of Temperature and X-Irradiation on the Cellular Dynamics of the Intestinal Epithelium in Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch
T. S. Johnson, R. E. Nakatani and F. P. Conte
Vol. 42, No. 1 (Apr., 1970), pp. 129-140
Published by: Radiation Research Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3572923
Page Count: 12
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Epithelial cells, Nucleoproteins, Intestines, Intestinal mucosa, Salmon, Radiation damage, Cell growth, DNA, Histology, Radiation dosage
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The intestinal epithelium of the Coho salmon was used to study the effects of temperature and x-irradiation on the cellular dynamics in a poikilothermic organism. Histological studies showed an absence of villi, and crypts in this system as only primary mucosal folds were observed. Autoradiographic studies following 3 H-thymidine (3 H- TdR) labeling indicated that intestinal epithelial cell replication occurs in basal proliferation zones of the intestinal folds and the mucosal cells migrate the entire length of the folds before being sloughed into the lumen. The renewal rates of the intestinal epithelium are temperature dependent and estimated to be 14 ± 1, 24 ± 1, and > 35 days for 18°, 10°, and 5°C, respectively, as evidenced by autoradiographic and biochemical studies of 3 H- TdR incorporation and turnover of the nucleoprotein fraction. The uptake of 3 H- TdR into the nucleoprotein fraction was temperature dependent. Inhibition of 3 H- TdR incorporation into intestinal nucleoprotein by x-rays was time and dose dependent; histological expression of radiation insult (≥ 1000 R) required approximately 25 days at 10°C and was typical of irreversible gastrointestinal syndrome.
Radiation Research © 1970 Radiation Research Society