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The Fate of Cells with Chromosome Aberrations after Total-Body Irradiation and Bone Marrow Transplantation
F. Carbonell, A. Ganser, T. M. Fliedner, R. Arnold and B. Kubanek
Vol. 93, No. 3 (Mar., 1983), pp. 453-460
Published by: Radiation Research Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3576025
Page Count: 8
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Cytogenetic studies were done on bone marrow cells and peripheral lymphocytes of four patients (three with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, one with aplastic anemia) at various intervals up to 861 days after total-body X irradiation (TBI) at doses between 4.5 and 10 Gy (450-1000 rad) followed by syngeneic or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Whereas no radiation-induced aberrations could be found in the bone marrow, apart from a transient finding in the patient with the lowest radiation dose, aberrant metaphases were seen in the peripheral lymphocytes of three patients in the range from 2.5 to 46% even at 861 days after the exposure. There were no demonstrable aberrations related to TBI in the only patient developing graft-versus-host disease. The dicentric yield as determined in the aberrant metaphases with 46 centromeres ranged between 3.4 ± 1.3 and 4.9 ± 0.4. In one patient it was demonstrated by BUdR-labeling that after 10 Gy (1000 rad) TBI the surviving and heavily damaged lymphocytes can go into cell cycle and reach at least the third mitosis. The percentage of aberrant cells diminished by about 25% at each mitotic division.
Radiation Research © 1983 Radiation Research Society