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# Microdosimetric Distributions for Nanometer-Size Targets in Water Irradiated with 60 Co Gamma Rays: Frequency Distributions of Effective Primary Events by Individual Tracks of Electrons

Nobuo Oda and Shigeru Iwanami
Vol. 98, No. 1 (Apr., 1984), pp. 1-13
DOI: 10.2307/3576046
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3576046
Page Count: 13
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## Abstract

A calculation method of frequency distributions for the microdosimetric quantity j (number of effective primary events per track per target), fj, is presented. fj distributions are calculated for nanometer-size targets in water irradiated with 60 Co γ rays, using degradation spectra of total electrons in water, $\phi _{{\rm t}}(E)$. Further, fractional total electron differential fluences effective to produce j effective primary events, $\phi _{{\rm t}}(E,j)$, are calculated. It is found that the frequency for occurrence of no effective primary event tracks (tracks traversing the target without any effective primary event inside the target) is very large for nanometer-size targets, and that the δ-ray effect on the fj distribution becomes more significant with the decrease of the target size and especially j effective primary events (j ≥ 1) for very small targets are due mostly to δ rays.

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