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Reassessment of γ Doses from the Atomic Bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Takashi Maruyama, Yoshikazu Kumamoto and Yutaka Noda
Vol. 113, No. 1 (Jan., 1988), pp. 1-14
Published by: Radiation Research Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3577175
Page Count: 14
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Reassessment of γ doses from the atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki has been carried out with thermoluminescent measurements of ceramic materials, such as bricks and decorative tiles, which were collected from buildings that remain as they were at the time of the explosions. The thermoluminescent measurements were performed using thermoluminescent dating techniques generally used in archaeology. Annual background dose rates from natural radionuclides in the ceramic materials and from environmental radiation including cosmic rays were determined with commercially available thermoluminescent detectors. A time-zero point at the original firing of the ceramic materials was estimated from the age of the buildings given in "the register book." Total background dose was evaluated by multiplying the period between the time-zero point and the time of measurement by the annual dose rate. The resultant γ doses in Hiroshima and Nagasaki are given as a function of distance from ground zero and are compared with the DS86 (Dosimetry System 1986) and the T65D (Tentative 1965 Dose) γ doses.
Radiation Research © 1988 Radiation Research Society