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Comparative Ultraviolet Action Spectra (254-320 nm) of Five "Wild-Type" Eukaryotic Microorganisms and Escherichia coli

John Calkins, John S. Wheeler, Cindy I. Keller, Ed Colley and John D. Hazle
Radiation Research
Vol. 114, No. 2 (May, 1988), pp. 307-318
DOI: 10.2307/3577227
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3577227
Page Count: 12
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Comparative Ultraviolet Action Spectra (254-320 nm) of Five "Wild-Type" Eukaryotic Microorganisms and Escherichia coli
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Abstract

The action spectra of five eukaryotic organisms and the prokaryote, Escherichia coli, were examined over the wavelength range, 254-320 nm. Both the repair competent and three repair defective strains (E. coli, Caenorhabditis elegans, Saccharomyces) were examined. Tetrahymena pyriformis action spectra were performed with and without the excision repair inhibitor caffeine present. Others have observed that lethality, mutation, and the production of pyrimidine dimers show much the same wavelength dependence as DNA absorption. The results presented here demonstrate several action spectra which deviate from the DNA absorption spectra. Ultraviolet sensitization ratios (repair competent/repair defective) were also examined and were shown to change over the wavelength range. These findings suggest that DNA may not be the only important chromophore leading to cell death in the uv wavelength range studied. Since uv-B is of major importance in solar uv damage, these findings may also yield important implications for solar uv studies.

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