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Depletion of the Spermatogonia from the Seminiferous Epithelium of the Rhesus Monkey after X Irradiation

M. M. A. van Alphen, H. J. G. van de Kant and D. G. de Rooij
Radiation Research
Vol. 113, No. 3 (Mar., 1988), pp. 473-486
DOI: 10.2307/3577244
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3577244
Page Count: 14
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Depletion of the Spermatogonia from the Seminiferous Epithelium of the Rhesus Monkey after X Irradiation
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Abstract

In unirradiated testes large differences were found in the total number of spermatogonia among different monkeys, but the number of spermatogonia in the right and the left testes of the same monkey appeared to be rather similar. During the first 11 days after irradiation with 0.5 to 4.0 Gy of X rays the number of ${\rm A}_{\text{pale}}$ spermatogonia (Ap) decreased to about 13% of the control level, while the number of ${\rm A}_{\text{dark}}$ spermatogonia (Ad) did not change significantly. A significant decrease in the number of Ad spermatogonia was seen at Day 14 together with a significant increase in the number of Ap spermatogonia. It was concluded that the resting Ad spermatogonia are activated into proliferating Ap spermatogonia. After Day 16 the number of both Ap and Ad spermatogonia decreased to low levels. Apparently the new Ap spermatogonia were formed by lethally irradiated Ad spermatogonia and degenerated while attempting to divide. The activation of the Ad spermatogonia was found to take place throughout the cycle of the seminiferous epithelium. Serum FSH, LH, and testosterone levels were measured before and after irradiation. Serum FSH levels already had increased during the first week after irradiation to 160% of the control level. Serum LH levels increased between 18 and 25 days after irradiation. Serum testosterone levels did not change at all. The results found in the rhesus monkey are in line with those found in humans, but due to the presence of Ad spermatogonia they differ from those obtained in non-primates.

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