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Interaction between Radiation and Drug Damage in Mammalian Cells. V. DNA Damage and Repair Induced in LZ Cells by Adriamycin and/or Radiation
Marguerite A. Sognier, Richard L. Eberle, Yin Zhang and James A. Belli
Vol. 126, No. 1 (Apr., 1991), pp. 80-87
Published by: Radiation Research Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3578174
Page Count: 8
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A multi-drug-resistant cell line selected in increasing concentrations of Adriamycin and designated LZ (J. A. Belli, Radiat. Res. 119, 88-100, 1989) is shown to exhibit a survival response characterized by radiation sensitivity and Adriamycin resistance. To determine if this response is due to alterations in either the initial levels of damage induced or the repair of DNA damage, LZ cells and the parental V79 cells were exposed to either radiation or Adriamycin and the damage and repair were measured with alkaline or nondenaturing filter elution. After exposure to radiation, induction and repair of both single-strand and double-strand breaks were equivalent. LZ cells exposed to 100 μg/ml Adriamycin for 1 h contained no measurable damage while the same treatment induced breaks and crosslinks in V79 cells. Pretreatment of LZ cells for 1 h with Adriamycin before irradiation did not alter either the initial levels of induced damage or the repair of strand breakage. These results suggest that (1) mechanisms other than differential induction and repair of strand breaks are responsible for the increased radiation sensitivity in LZ, and (2) the lack of Adriamycin-induced DNA damage in LZ is at least partially responsible for the increased cell survival after treatment.
Radiation Research © 1991 Radiation Research Society