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OH Radicals and Oxidizing Products in the Gamma Radiolysis of Water
Jay A. LaVerne
Vol. 153, No. 2 (Feb., 2000), pp. 196-200
Published by: Radiation Research Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3580071
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Free radicals, Radiolysis, Electrons, Hydrogen, Scavenging, Atoms, Formates, Carbon dioxide, Laplace transformation, pH
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The production of OH radicals in the γ radiolysis of water has been examined with radical scavenger techniques employing formic acid. OH radical yields were found to vary from 2.4 radicals/100 eV at the low scavenger concentration limit to 4.2 at a formic acid concentration of 3 M. An inverse Laplace transform technique was applied to the scavenger concentration dependence to obtain the temporal dependence of OH radicals in pure water. It was found that the relative decrease in OH radical yields from 200 ps to 3 ns was virtually the same for the transform of the scavenger data and the directly measured time-resolved results. The absolute yields for the time-resolved experiments are about 10% higher than expected from the present results with scavengers. The agreement can be considered to be good, and reasons for the observed difference are given. Approximately 40% of the OH radicals produced lead to the formation of hydrogen peroxide, which is the only other major oxidizing species in the γ radiolysis of water. The net water decomposition for γ rays was found to vary from an initial value of 5.6 ± 0.3 molecules/100 eV to 3.8 ± 0.2 molecules/100 eV at 1 μs.
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