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The Third Century of Non-English Language Maintenance and Non-Anglo Ethnic Maintenance in the United States of America

Joshua A. Fishman
TESOL Quarterly
Vol. 7, No. 3 (Sep., 1973), pp. 221-233
DOI: 10.2307/3585671
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3585671
Page Count: 13
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The Third Century of Non-English Language Maintenance and Non-Anglo Ethnic Maintenance in the United States of America
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Abstract

The predominant pattern of non-English maintenance during the first two centuries of American national life has been (a) rapid and widespread adoption of English as a second language by the immigrant first generation, and (b) widespread transmission of this second language to the young as their mother tongue. The major social process that has produced this outcome is interaction-based social mobility. An emerging "new ethnicity" during the 1960s pointed up the fact that non-English language maintenance and non-Anglo ethnicity remained a part of American life. Ethnicity remains to soothe, to comfort, to provide tenderness and rootedness, even when it is not needed as a launching pad for social action. Non-Anglo ethnic maintenance and non-English language maintenance-in various degrees and combinations-will still be with us when we celebrate the 300th anniversary of the U.S.A.

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